Data source and application management

Data source

Where does the data come from?

Energy Logserver is a solution allowing effective data processing from the IT environment that exists in the organization.

The Elsasticsearch engine allows building a database in witch large amounts of data are stored in ordered indexes. The Logstash module is responsible for load data into Indexes, whose function is to collect data on specific tcp/udp ports, filter them, normalize them and place them in the appropriate index. Additional plugins, that we can use in Logstash reinforce the work of the module, increase its efficiency, enabling the module to quick interpret data and parse it.

Below is an example of several of the many available Logstash plugins:

exec - receive output of the shell function as an event;

imap - read email from IMAP servers;

jdbc - create events based on JDC data;

jms - create events from Jms broker;

Both Elasticsearch and Logstash are free Open-Source solutions.

More information about Elasticsearch module can be find at: https://github.com/elastic/elasticsearch

List of available Logstash plugins: https://github.com/elastic/logstash-docs/tree/master/docs/plugins

System services

For proper operation Energy Logserver requires starting the following system services:

  • elasticsearch.service - we can run it with a command:
systemctl start elasticsearch.service

we can check its status with a command:

systemctl status elasticsearch.service

../_images/image86.PNG

  • kibana.service - we can run it with a command:
systemctl start kibana.service

we can check its status with a command:

systemctl status kibana.service

../_images/image87.PNG

  • logstash.service - we can run it with a command:

      systemctl start logstash.service
    

    we can check its status with a command:

    systemctl status logstash.service

../_images/image88.PNG

First configuration steps

Run the instalation

The Energy Logserver installer is delivered as:

  • RPM package energy-logserver-data-node and energy-logserver-client-node
  • “install.sh” installation script

Installation using the RPM package

  1. Install OpenJDK / Oracle JDK version 11:

    yum -y -q install java-11-openjdk-headless.x86_64
    
  2. Select default command for OpenJDK /Oracle JDK:

    alternatives --config java
    
  3. Upload Package

    scp ./energy-logserver-data-node-7.0.1-1.el7.x86_64.rpm [email protected]:~/
    scp ./energy-logserver-client-node-7.0.1-1.el7.x86_64.rpm [email protected]:~/
    
  4. Install Energy Logserver Data Node

    yum install ./energy-logserver-data-node-7.0.1-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
    
  5. Verification of Configuration Files

    Please, verify your Elasticsearch configuration and JVM configuration in files:

    • /etc/elasticsearch/jvm.options – check JVM HEAP settings and another parameters
    ## -Xms4g
    ## -Xmx4g
    # Xms represents the initial size of total heap space
    # Xmx represents the maximum size of total heap space
    -Xms600m
    -Xmx600m
    
    • /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml – verify elasticsearch configuration file
  6. Start and enable Elasticsearch service If everything went correctly, we will start the Elasticsearch instance:

    systemctl start elasticsearch
    
    systemctl status elasticsearch
    ● elasticsearch.service - Elasticsearch
       Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
       Active: active (running) since Wed 2020-03-18 16:50:15 CET; 57s ago
         Docs: http://www.elastic.co
     Main PID: 17195 (java)
       CGroup: /system.slice/elasticsearch.service
               └─17195 /etc/alternatives/jre/bin/java -Xms512m -Xmx512m -Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=/usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/elasticsearch_auth/plugin-securi...
    
    Mar 18 16:50:15 migration-01 systemd[1]: Started Elasticsearch.
    Mar 18 16:50:25 migration-01 elasticsearch[17195]: SSL not activated for http and/or transport.
    Mar 18 16:50:33 migration-01 elasticsearch[17195]: SLF4J: Failed to load class "org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder".
    Mar 18 16:50:33 migration-01 elasticsearch[17195]: SLF4J: Defaulting to no-operation (NOP) logger implementation
    Mar 18 16:50:33 migration-01 elasticsearch[17195]: SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#StaticLoggerBinder for further details.
    
  7. Check cluster/indices status and Elasticsearch version

    Invoke curl command to check the status of Elasticsearch:

    curl -s -u $CREDENTIAL localhost:9200/_cluster/health?pretty
    {
      "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
      "status" : "green",
      "timed_out" : false,
      "number_of_nodes" : 1,
      "number_of_data_nodes" : 1,
      "active_primary_shards" : 25,
      "active_shards" : 25,
      "relocating_shards" : 0,
      "initializing_shards" : 0,
      "unassigned_shards" : 0,
      "delayed_unassigned_shards" : 0,
      "number_of_pending_tasks" : 0,
      "number_of_in_flight_fetch" : 0,
      "task_max_waiting_in_queue_millis" : 0,
      "active_shards_percent_as_number" : 100.0
    }
    
    curl -s -u $CREDENTIAL localhost:9200
    {
      "name" : "node-1",
      "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
      "cluster_uuid" : "igrASEDRRamyQgy-zJRSfg",
      "version" : {
        "number" : "7.3.2",
        "build_flavor" : "oss",
        "build_type" : "rpm",
        "build_hash" : "1c1faf1",
        "build_date" : "2019-09-06T14:40:30.409026Z",
        "build_snapshot" : false,
        "lucene_version" : "8.1.0",
        "minimum_wire_compatibility_version" : "6.8.0",
        "minimum_index_compatibility_version" : "6.0.0-beta1"
      },
      "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
    }
    

    If everything went correctly, we should see 100% allocated shards in cluster health.

  8. Install Energy Logserver Client Node

    yum install ./energy-logserver-client-node-7.0.1-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
    
  9. Start Energy Logserver GUI

    Add service:

    • Kibana
    • Cerebro
    • Alert

    to autostart and add port ( 5602/TCP ) for Cerebro. Run them and check status:

    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port 5602/tcp
    firewall-cmd –reload
    
    systemctl enable kibana cerebro alert
    
    systemctl start kibana cerebro alert
    systemctl status kibana cerebro alert
    

Installation using “install.sh” scritp

During installation you will be ask about following tasks:

  • install & configure Logstash with custom Energy Logserver Configuration - like Beats, Syslog, Blacklist, Netflow, Wazuh, Winrm, Logtrail, OP5, etc;
  • install the Energy Logserver Client Node, as well as the other client-node dependencies;
  • install the Energy Logserver Data Node, as well as the other data-node dependencies;
  • load the Energy Logserver custom dashboards, alerts and configs;

Post installation steps

  • copy license files to Elasticsearch directory

    cp es.* /ust/share/elasticsearch/bin/
    
  • configure Elasticsearch cluster settings

    vi /etc/elaticserach/elasticsearch.yml
    
    add all IPs of Elasticsearch node in the following directive:
    discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: [ "172.10.0.1:9300", "172.10.0.2:9300" ]
    
  • start Elasticsearch service

    systemc	start elasticsearch
    
  • start Logstash service

    systemctl start logstash
    
  • start Cerebro service

    systemctl start cerebro
    
  • start Kibana service

    systemctl start kibana
    
  • start Alert service

    systemctl start alert
    
  • start Skimmer service

    systemctl start skimmer
    
  • Example agent configuration files and additional documentation can be found in the Agents directory:

    • filebeat
    • winlogbeat
    • op5 naemon logs
    • op5 perf_data
  • For blacklist creation, you can use crontab or kibana scheduler, but the most preferable method is logstash input. Instructions to set it up can be found at logstash/lists/README.md

  • It is recomended to make small backup of system indices - copy “small_backup.sh” script from Agents directory to desired location, and change backupPath= to desired location. Then set up a crontab:

    0 1 * * * /path/to/script/small_backup.sh
    
  • Redirect Kibana port 5601/TCP to 443/TCP

    firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-masquerade --permanent
    firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=443:proto=tcp:toport=5601 --permanent
    firewall-cmd --reload
    

    # NOTE: Kibana on 443 tcp port without redirection needs additional permissions:

    setcap 'CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE=+eip' /usr/share/kibana/node/bin/node
    
  • Cookie TTL and Cookie Keep Alive - for better work comfort, you can set two new variables in the Kibana configuration file /etc/kibana/kibana.yml:

    login.cookiettl: 10
    login.cookieKeepAlive: true
    

    CookieTTL is the value in minutes of the cookie’s lifetime. The cookieKeepAlive renews this time with every valid query made by browser clicks.

    After saving changes in the configuration file, you must restart the service:

    systemctl restart kibana
    

First login

If you log in to Energy Logserver for the first time, you must specify the Index to be searched. We have the option of entering the name of your index, indicate a specific index from a given day, or using the asterix (*) to indicate all of them matching a specific index pattern. Therefore, to start working with Energy Logserver application, we log in to it (by default the user: logserver/password:logserver).

../_images/image3.png

After logging in to the application click the button “Set up index pattern” to add new index patter in Kibana:

../_images/image3_js.png

In the “Index pattern” field enter the name of the index or index pattern (after confirming that the index or sets of indexes exists) and click “Next step” button.

../_images/image4.png

In the next step, from drop down menu select the “Time filter field name”, after witch individual event (events) should be sorter. By default the timestamp is set, which is the time of occurrence of the event, but depending of the preferences. It may also be the time of the indexing or other selected based on the fields indicate on the event.

../_images/image4_js.png

At any time, you can add more indexes or index patters by going to the main tab select „Management” and next select „Index Patterns”.

Index selection

After login into Energy Logserver you will going to „Discover” tab, where you can interactively explore your data. You have access to every document in every index that matches the selected index patterns.

If you want to change selected index, drop down menu with the name of the current object in the left panel. Clicking on the object from the expanded list of previously create index patterns, will change the searched index.

../_images/image6.png

Changing default users for services

Change Kibana User

Edit file /etc/systemd/system/kibana.service

	User=newuser
	Group= newuser

Edit /etc/default/kibana

	user=" newuser "
	group=" newuser "

Add appropriate permission:

	chown newuser: /usr/share/kibana/ /etc/kibana/ -R

Change Elasticsearch User

Edit /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/elasticsearch.conf and change user name and group:

	d /var/run/elasticsearch 0755 newuser newuser – 

Create directory:

	mkdir /etc/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d/

Edit /etc/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d/01-user.conf

	[Service]
	User=newuser
	Group= newuser

Add appropriate permission:

	chown -R newuser: /var/lib/elasticsearch /usr/share/elasticsearch /etc/elasticsearch /var/log/elasticsearch

Change Logstash User

Create directory:

	mkdir /etc/systemd/system/logstash.service.d

Edit /etc/systemd/system/logstash.service.d/01-user.conf

	[Service]
	User=newuser
	Group=newuser

Add appropriate permission:

	chown -R newuser: /etc/logstash /var/log/logstash

Custom installation the Energy Logserver

If you need to install Energy Logserver in non-default location, use the following steps.

  1. Define the variable INSTALL_PATH if you do not want default paths like “/”

     export INSTALL_PATH="/"
    
  2. Install the firewalld service

     yum install firewalld
    
  3. Configure the firewalld service

     systemctl enable firewalld
     systemctl start firewalld
     firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=22/tcp --permanent
     firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=443/tcp --permanent
     firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=5601/tcp --permanent
     firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=9200/tcp --permanent
     firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=9300/tcp --permanent
     firewall-cmd --reload
    
  4. Install and enable the epel repository

     yum install epel-release
    
  5. Install the Java OpenJDK

     yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-headless.x86_64
    
  6. Install the reports dependencies, e.g. for mail and fonts

     yum install fontconfig freetype freetype-devel fontconfig-devel libstdc++ urw-fonts net-tools ImageMagick ghostscript poppler-utils
    
  7. Create the nessesery users acounts

     useradd -M -d ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana -s /sbin/nologin kibana
     useradd -M -d ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/elasticsearch -s /sbin/nologin elasticsearch
     useradd -M -d ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/alert -s /sbin/nologin alert
    
  8. Remove .gitkeep files from source directory

     find . -name ".gitkeep" -delete
    
  9. Install the Elasticsearch 6.2.4 files

     /bin/cp -rf elasticsearch/elasticsearch-6.2.4/* ${INSTALL_PATH}/
    
  10. Install the Kibana 6.2.4 files

     /bin/cp -rf kibana/kibana-6.2.4/* ${INSTALL_PATH}/
    
  11. Configure the Elasticsearch system dependencies

     /bin/cp -rf system/limits.d/30-elasticsearch.conf /etc/security/limits.d/
     /bin/cp -rf system/sysctl.d/90-elasticsearch.conf /etc/sysctl.d/
     /bin/cp -rf system/sysconfig/elasticsearch /etc/sysconfig/
     /bin/cp -rf system/rsyslog.d/intelligence.conf /etc/rsyslog.d/
     echo -e "RateLimitInterval=0\nRateLimitBurst=0" >> /etc/systemd/journald.conf
     systemctl daemon-reload
     systemctl restart rsyslog.service
     sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/90-elasticsearch.conf
    
  12. Configure the SSL Encryption for the Kibana

     mkdir -p ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/ssl
     openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -subj '/CN=LOGSERVER/subjectAltName=LOGSERVER/' -keyout ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/ssl/kibana.key -out ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/ssl/kibana.crt
    
  13. Install the Elasticsearch-auth plugin

     cp -rf elasticsearch/elasticsearch-auth ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/elasticsearch-auth
    
  14. Install the Elasticsearh configuration files

     /bin/cp -rf elasticsearch/*.yml ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch/
    
  15. Install the Elasticsicsearch system indices

     mkdir -p ${INSTALL_PATH}/var/lib/elasticsearch
     /bin/cp -rf elasticsearch/nodes ${INSTALL_PATH}/var/lib/elasticsearch/
    
  16. Add necessary permission for the Elasticsearch directories

    chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/elasticsearch ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch ${INSTALL_PATH}/var/lib/elasticsearch ${INSTALL_PATH}/var/log/elasticsearch
    
  17. Install the Kibana plugins

     cp -rf kibana/plugins/* ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/plugins/
    
  18. Extrace the node_modules for plugins and remove archive

     tar -xf ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/plugins/node_modules.tar -C ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/plugins/
     /bin/rm -rf ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/plugins/node_modules.tar
    
  19. Install the Kibana reports binaries

     cp -rf kibana/export_plugin/* ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/bin/
    
  20. Create directory for the Kibana reports

     /bin/cp -rf kibana/optimize ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/
    
  21. Install the python dependencies for reports

     tar -xf kibana/python.tar -C /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
    
  22. Install the Kibana custom sources

     /bin/cp -rf kibana/src/* ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/src/
    
  23. Install the Kibana configuration

     /bin/cp -rf kibana/kibana.yml ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
    
  24. Generate the iron secret salt for Kibana

     echo "server.ironsecret: \"$(</dev/urandom tr -dc _A-Z-a-z-0-9 | head -c32)\"" >> ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
    
  25. Remove old cache files

     rm -rf ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana/optimize/bundles/*
    
  26. Install the Alert plugin

     mkdir -p ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt
     /bin/cp -rf alert ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/alert
    
  27. Install the AI plugin

     /bin/cp -rf ai ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/ai
    
  28. Set the proper permissions

     chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/elasticsearch/
     chown -R alert:alert ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/alert
     chown -R kibana:kibana ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/kibana ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/ai ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/alert/rules ${INSTALL_PATH}/var/lib/kibana
     chmod -R 755 ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/ai
     chmod -R 755 ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/alert
    
  29. Install service files for the Alert, Kibana and the Elasticsearch

     /bin/cp -rf system/alert.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/alert.service
     /bin/cp -rf kibana/kibana-6.2.4/etc/systemd/system/kibana.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/kibana.service
     /bin/cp -rf elasticsearch/elasticsearch-6.2.4/usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
    
  30. Set property paths in service files ${INSTALL_PATH}

     perl -pi -e 's#/opt#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/opt#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/alert.service
     perl -pi -e 's#/etc#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/etc#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/kibana.service
     perl -pi -e 's#/usr#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/usr#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/kibana.service
     perl -pi -e 's#ES_HOME=#ES_HOME='${INSTALL_PATH}'#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
     perl -pi -e 's#ES_PATH_CONF=#ES_PATH_CONF='${INSTALL_PATH}'#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
     perl -pi -e 's#ExecStart=#ExecStart='${INSTALL_PATH}'#g' /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
    
  31. Enable the system services

     systemctl daemon-reload
     systemctl reenable alert
     systemctl reenable kibana
     systemctl reenable elasticsearch
    
  32. Set location for Elasticsearch data and logs files in configuration file

    • Elasticsearch

        perl -pi -e 's#path.data: #path.data: '${INSTALL_PATH}'#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml
        perl -pi -e 's#path.logs: #path.logs: '${INSTALL_PATH}'#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml
        perl -pi -e 's#/usr#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/usr#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch/jvm.options
        perl -pi -e 's#/usr#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/usr#g' /etc/sysconfig/elasticsearch
      
    • Kibana

        perl -pi -e 's#/etc#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/etc#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
        perl -pi -e 's#/opt#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/opt#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
        perl -pi -e 's#/usr#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/usr#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/kibana/kibana.yml
      
    • AI

        perl -pi -e 's#/opt#'${INSTALL_PATH}'/opt#g' ${INSTALL_PATH}/opt/ai/bin/conf.cfg
      
  33. What next ?

    • Upload License file to ${INSTALL_PATH}/usr/share/elasticsearch/directory.

    • Setup cluster in ${INSTALL_PATH}/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

        discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: [ "172.10.0.1:9300", "172.10.0.2:9300" ] 
      
    • Redirect GUI to 443/tcp

        	firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-masquerade --permanent
        	firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=443:proto=tcp:toport=5601 --permanent
        	firewall-cmd --reload
      

Plugins management in the Elasticsearch

Base installation of the Energy Logserver contains the elasticsearch-auth plugin. You can extend the basic Elasticsearch functionality by installing the custom plugins.

Plugins contain JAR files, but may also contain scripts and config files, and must be installed on every node in the cluster.

After installation, each node must be restarted before the plugin becomes visible.

The Elasticsearch provides two categories of plugins:

  • Core Plugins - it is plugins that are part of the Elasticsearch project.
  • Community contributed - it is plugins that are external to the Elasticsearch project

Installing Plugins

Core Elasticsearch plugins can be installed as follows:

cd /usr/share/elasticsearch/ 
bin/elasticsearch-plugin install [plugin_name]

Example:

bin/elasticsearch-plugin install ingest-geoip

-> Downloading ingest-geoip from elastic
[=================================================] 100%  
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@ WARNING: plugin requires additional permissions @
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
* java.lang.RuntimePermission accessDeclaredMembers
* java.lang.reflect.ReflectPermission suppressAccessChecks
See http://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/technotes/guides/security/permissions.html
for descriptions of what these permissions allow and the associated risks.

Continue with installation? [y/N]y
-> Installed ingest-geoip

Plugins from custom link or filesystem can be installed as follow:

cd /usr/share/elasticsearch/
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install [url]

Example:

sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install file:///path/to/plugin.zip
bin\elasticsearch-plugin install file:///C:/path/to/plugin.zip
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install http://some.domain/path/to/plugin.zip

Listing plugins

Listing currently loaded plugins

sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin list

listing currently available core plugins:

sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin list --help

Removing plugins

sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin remove [pluginname]

Updating plugins

sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin remove [pluginname]
sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install [pluginname]

ROOTless management

To configure Energy Logserver so its services can be managed without root access follow these steps:

  1. Create a file in /etc/sudoers.d (eg.: 10-logserver) with the content

     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl status kibana
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl status kibana.service
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl stop kibana
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl stop kibana.service
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl start kibana
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl start kibana.service
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl restart kibana
     %kibana ALL=/bin/systemctl restart kibana.service
    
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl status elasticsearch
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl status elasticsearch.service
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl stop elasticsearch
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl stop elasticsearch.service
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl start elasticsearch
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl start elasticsearch.service
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl restart elasticsearch
     %elasticsearch ALL=/bin/systemctl restart elasticsearch.service
    
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl status alert
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl status alert.service
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl stop alert
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl stop alert.service
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl start alert
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl start alert.service
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl restart alert
     %alert ALL=/bin/systemctl restart alert.service
    
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl status logstash
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl status logstash.service
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl stop logstash
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl stop logstash.service
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl start logstash
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl start logstash.service
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl restart logstash
     %logstash ALL=/bin/systemctl restart logstash.service
    
  2. Change permissions for files and directories

  • Kibana, Elasticsearch, Alert

    chmod g+rw /etc/kibana/kibana.yml /opt/alert/config.yaml /opt/ai/bin/conf.cfg /etc/elasticsearch/{elasticsearch.yml,jvm.options,log4j2.properties,properties.yml,role-mappings.yml}
    	chmod g+rwx /etc/kibana/ssl /etc/elasticsearch/ /opt/{ai,alert} /opt/ai/bin
    	chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch /etc/elasticsearch/
    	chown -R kibana:kibana /etc/kibana/ssl
    
  • Logstash

    ```bash
    

    find /etc/logstash -type f -exec chmod g+rw {} ; find /etc/logstash -type d -exec chmod g+rwx {} ; chown -R logstash:logstash /etc/logstash

    
    
    
  1. Add a user to groups defined earlier

     usermod -a -G kibana,alert,elasticsearch,logstash service_user
    

From now on this user should be able to start/stop/restart services and modify configurations files.

Energy Logserver Elasticsearch encryption

Generating Certificates

  1. Requirements for certificate configuration:
    • To encrypt traffic (HTTP and transport layer) of Elasticsearch you have to generate certificate authority which will be used to sign each node certificate of a cluster.
    • Elasticsearch certificate has to be generated in pkcs8 RSA format.
  2. Example certificate configuration (Certificates will be valid for 10 years based on this example):
# To make this process easier prepare some variables:
DOMAIN=loganalytics-node.test
DOMAIN_IP=10.4.3.185 # This is required if certificate validation is used on trasport layer
COUNTRYNAME=PL
STATE=Poland
COMPANY=LOGTEST

# Generate CA key:
openssl genrsa -out rootCA.key 4096

# Create and sign root certificate:
echo -e "${COUNTRYNAME}\n${STATE}\n\n${COMPANY}\n\n\n\n" | openssl req -x509 -new -nodes -key rootCA.key -sha256 -days 3650 -out rootCA.crt

# Crete RSA key for domain:
openssl genrsa -out ${DOMAIN}.pre 2048

# Convert generated key to pkcs8 RSA key for domain hostname
# (if you do not want to encrypt the key add "-nocrypt" at the end of the command; otherwise it will be necessary to add this password later in every config file):
openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -inform pem -in ${DOMAIN}.pre -outform pem -out ${DOMAIN}.key

# Create a Certificate Signing Request (openssl.cnf can be in a different location; this is the default for CentOS 7.7):
openssl req -new -sha256 -key ${DOMAIN}.key -subj "/C=PL/ST=Poland/O=EMCA/CN=${DOMAIN}" -reqexts SAN -config <(cat /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf <(printf "[SAN]\nsubjectAltName=DNS:${DOMAIN},IP:${DOMAIN_IP}")) -out ${DOMAIN}.csr

# Generate Domain Certificate
openssl x509 -req -in ${DOMAIN}.csr -CA rootCA.crt -CAkey rootCA.key -CAcreateserial -out ${DOMAIN}.crt -sha256 -extfile <(printf "[req]\ndefault_bits=2048\ndistinguished_name=req_distinguished_name\nreq_extensions=req_ext\n[req_distinguished_name]\ncountryName=${COUNTRYNAME}\nstateOrProvinceName=${STATE}\norganizationName=${COMPANY}\ncommonName=${DOMAIN}\n[req_ext]\[email protected]_names\n[alt_names]\nDNS.1=${DOMAIN}\nIP=${DOMAIN_IP}\n") -days 3650 -extensions req_ext

# Verify the validity of the generated certificate
openssl x509 -in ${DOMAIN}.crt -text -noout
  1. Right now you should have these files:
$ ls -1 | sort
loganalytics-node.test.crt
loganalytics-node.test.csr
loganalytics-node.test.key
loganalytics-node.test.pre
rootCA.crt
rootCA.key
rootCA.srl
  1. Create a directory to store required files (users: elasticsearch, kibana and logstash have to be able to read these files):
mkdir /etc/elasticsearch/ssl
cp {loganalytics-node.test.crt,loganalytics-node.test.key,rootCA.crt} /etc/elasticsearch/ssl
chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch /etc/elasticsearch/ssl
chmod 755 /etc/elasticsearch/ssl
chmod 644 /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/*

Setting up configuration files

  1. Append or uncomment below lines in /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml and change paths to proper values (based on past steps):
## Transport layer encryption
logserverguard.ssl.transport.enabled: true
logserverguard.ssl.transport.pemcert_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.crt"
logserverguard.ssl.transport.pemkey_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.key"
logserverguard.ssl.transport.pemkey_password: "password_for_pemkey" # if there is no password leve ""
logserverguard.ssl.transport.pemtrustedcas_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt"

logserverguard.ssl.transport.enforce_hostname_verification: true
logserverguard.ssl.transport.resolve_hostname: true

logserverguard.ssl.transport.enabled_ciphers:
 - "TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"
logserverguard.ssl.transport.enabled_protocols:
 - "TLSv1.2"

## HTTP layer encryption
logserverguard.ssl.http.enabled: true
logserverguard.ssl.http.pemcert_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.crt"
logserverguard.ssl.http.pemkey_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.key"
logserverguard.ssl.http.pemkey_password: "password_for_pemkey" # if there is no password leve ""
logserverguard.ssl.http.pemtrustedcas_filepath: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt"

logserverguard.ssl.http.clientauth_mode: OPTIONAL
logserverguard.ssl.http.enabled_ciphers:
 - "TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"

logserverguard.ssl.http.enabled_protocols:
 - "TLSv1.2"
  1. Append or uncomment below lines in /etc/kibana/kibana.yml and change paths to proper values:
# For below two, both IP or HOSTNAME (https://loganalytics-node.test:PORT) can be used because IP has been supplied in "alt_names"
elasticsearch.url: "https://10.4.3.185:8000" # Default is "http://localhost:8000"
---
elastfilter.url: "https://10.4.3.185:9200" # Default is"http://localhost:9200"
---
# Elasticsearch trafic encryption
# There is also an option to use "127.0.0.1/localhost" and to not supply path to CA. Verification Mode should be then changed to "none".
elasticsearch.ssl.verificationMode: full
elasticsearch.ssl.certificate: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.crt"
elasticsearch.ssl.key: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.key"
elasticsearch.ssl.keyPassphrase: "password_for_pemkey" # this line is not required if there is no password
elasticsearch.ssl.certificateAuthorities: "/etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt"
  1. Append or uncomment below lines in /opt/alert/config.yaml and change paths to proper values:
# Connect with TLS to Elasticsearch
use_ssl: True

# Verify TLS certificates
verify_certs: True

# Client certificate:
client_cert: /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.crt
client_key: /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/loganalytics-node.test.key
ca_certs: /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt
  1. For CSV/HTML export to work properly rootCA.crt generated in first step has to be “installed” on the server. Below example for CentOS 7:
# Copy rootCA.crt and update CA trust store
cp /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/rootCA.crt
update-ca-trust
  1. Intelligence module. Generate pkcs12 keystore/cert:
DOMAIN=loganalytics-node.test
keytool -import -file /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt -alias root -keystore root.jks
openssl pkcs12 -export -in /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/${DOMAIN}.crt -inkey /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/${DOMAIN}.key -out ${DOMAIN}.p12 -name "${DOMAIN}" -certfile /etc/elasticsearch/ssl/rootCA.crt
# Configure /opt/ai/bin/conf.cfg
https_keystore=/path/to/pk12/loganalytics-node.test.p12
https_truststore=/path/to/root.jks
https_keystore_pass=bla123
https_truststore_pass=bla123

Logstash/Beats

You can eather install CA to allow Logstash and Beats traffic or you can supply required certificates in config:

  1. Logstash:
output {
  elasticsearch {
    hosts => "https://loganalytics-node.test:9200"
    ssl => true
    index => "winlogbeat-%{+YYYY.MM}"
    user => "logstash"
    password => "logstash"
    cacert => "/path/to/cacert/rootCA.crt"
  }
}
  1. Beats:
output.elasticsearch.hosts: ["https://loganalytics-node.test:9200"]
output.elasticsearch.protocol: "https"
output.elasticsearch.ssl.enabled: true
output.elasticsearch.ssl.certificate_authorities: ["/path/to/cacert/rootCA.crt"]

Additionally, for any beats program to be able to write to elasticsearch, you will have to make changes to “enabled_ciphers” directive in “/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml”. This is done by commenting:

logserverguard.ssl.http.enabled_ciphers:
 - "TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384"

Otherwise, the beat will not be able to send documents directly and if you want to avoid it you can send a document with Logstash first.